Python functions are blocks of reusable code that perform a specific task. They are a key concept in programming, and a fundamental building block for writing efficient and organized code. In this article, we will explore the basics of functions in Python, including how to define, call, and pass arguments to a function.
Define a function
To define a function in Python, we use the “def” keyword, followed by the function name and a set of parentheses. The code block within the function is indented, and begins with a colon. For example:
def greet(): print("Hello, World!")
Call a function in Python
To call a function, we simply type the function name followed by parentheses. In the example above, we would call the “greet” function by typing “greet()”. The code within the function will then execute.
Function taking argument
Functions can also take arguments, which are passed within the parentheses when the function is called. For example:
def greet(name): print("Hello, " + name + "!") greet("John") # Output: "Hello, John!"
In this example, we define a “greet” function that takes one argument, “name”. When we call the function with the argument “John”, the function prints “Hello, John!” to the console.
Functions can also return values using the “return” statement. For example:
def square(x): return x * x result = square(5) print(result) # Output: 25
In this example, we define a “square” function that takes one argument, “x”, and returns the value of x squared. When we call the function with the argument 5, it returns the value 25, which we then assign to the variable “result” and print to the console.
It is important to note that Python functions do not have to take arguments or return values. They can simply perform a specific task when called. For example:
def print_current_time(): import datetime print(datetime.datetime.now()) print_current_time() # Output: current date and time
In this example, the “print_current_time” function simply imports the datetime module and prints the current date and time to the console.
Functions are a powerful tool in Python, allowing us to organize and reuse code in a clear and efficient manner. By understanding how to define, call, and pass arguments to functions, we can write more organized and maintainable code.
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