In computer science, a stack is a data structure that stores a collection of elements and operates on them based on the principle of last-in-first-out (LIFO). This means that the last element added to the stack is the first one to be removed. Stacks are commonly used in programming languages, operating systems, and other applications.

Operations on a Stack

There are two primary operations that can be performed on a stack:

  1. Push: Adds an element to the top of the stack.
  2. Pop: Removes the top element from the stack.

There are also a few other operations that can be performed on a stack:

  1. Peek: Returns the top element without removing it from the stack.
  2. Size: Returns the number of elements in the stack.
  3. IsEmpty: Checks if the stack is empty.

Implementing a Stack in Python

One way to implement a stack in Python is to use a list. Here’s some example code for a stack implementation using a list:

class Stack:
    def __init__(self):
        self.items = []

    def push(self, item):

    def pop(self):
        return self.items.pop()

    def peek(self):
        return self.items[-1]

    def size(self):
        return len(self.items)

    def is_empty(self):
        return len(self.items) == 0

This code defines a new class Stack, which has six methods:

Example Usage

Here’s an example of how you might use the Stack class:

s = Stack()s.push(1)
print(s.peek())  # prints 3
print(s.pop())   # prints 3
print(s.pop())   # prints 2
print(s.size())  # prints 1
print(s.is_empty())  # prints False

This code creates a new stack s and adds three items to it using the push method. It then prints the top item using peek, removes two items using pop, and prints the size of the stack and whether it’s empty using size and is_empty.

Advantages of Using a Stack

Stacks have several advantages in computer science:


Stacks are a commonly used data structure in computer science. They operate on the principle of last-in-first-out (LIFO) and have several useful operations, including push, pop, peek, size, and is_empty. Stacks can be implemented using basic data structures such as arrays or linked lists and are efficient and memory-efficient.


  1. What is a stack?

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